CBSE Class 6 English Grammar Agreement of Verb and Subject

CBSE Class 6 English Grammar Agreement of Verb and Subject

CBSE Class 6 English Grammar Agreement of Verb and Subject

Present Tense
A verb must agree in number and person with its subject.
(a) When the subject is third, person singular, most English verbs end in -s or -es but there is no -s or -es on third person plural.
He goes to school.
They go to school.
Sita goes to school.
Sita and Rama go to school.
You eat a mango.
Ram eats a mango.

Exceptions
(i) The verb ‘be’ and its forms are exception to this rule :
He is a friend.
I am your friend.
They are friends.

(ii) Can, must, may and ought and the auxiliaries will and shall do not have ‘s’ on either singular or plural.
What the master will ask, the servant shall do.
What the masters will ask, the servants shall do.
When ‘ will is a full verb meaning desire, it follows the rule for most other verbs and takes ‘-s’ when the subject is third person singular.
Whatever God wills, man cannot alter.
Verbs that end with ‘y and have a consonant before this ‘y’, the ‘y’ changes into T and ‘-es’ is added if the subject is third person singular.
Ram relies on me.
He tries his best.
He flies a kite.

(b) A singular subject is sometimes mistaken as plural e.g. when it starts with (one of, either, neither etc.). Remember that these must be taken as singular.
Either of you is wrong.
Neither of them works here.
One of the teachers teaches English.

(c) When a sentence begins with ‘there’ the verb agrees with the real sub¬ject that comes after the verb.
There comes John.
There are fifty students in my class.

(d) When the subject is plural but represents a single figure or quantity, it takes a singular verb.
A hundred kilometres is a long distance.
A thousand rupees is not much these days.
Dal and roti is a common North-Indian food.
A Thousand Leagues Under The Sea is a famous novel.

Exercise 1
(Solved)

Insert the correct form of the present tense of the verbs in the blank spaces in the following sentences :
1. A good dictionary ………….. a lot. (cost)
2. These five chairs ………….. one thousand rupees. (cost)
3. Ten kilometres ………….. a long distance to walk. (be)
4. Sita ………….. next to my house. (live)
5. Bread and butter ………….. a wholesome food. (be)
6. One of these three boys ………….. first in his class every year. (stand)
7. My kite ………….. very high in the sky. (fly)
8. They ………….. gloomy. (look)
9. All the students in this school ………….. English. (learn)
10. My lawn ………….. very beautiful in spring. (look)
Answers
1. costs
2. cost
3. is
4. lives
5. is
6. stands
7. flies
8. look
9. learn
10. looks.

Exercise 3
(Solved)

Insert ‘is’ or ‘are’ after the word ‘there’ in the following sentences :
1. There ………….. two boys standing there.
2. There ………….. many students in the school.
3. Today, there ………….. many boys missing from the class.
4. If you need some money, there ………….. some in my coat pocket.
5. There ………….. sixteen players selected to tour Australia.
6. There ………….. a proper balance of emotions and intelligence in him.
7. There ………….. nothing to be so happy about.
8. ………….. there anybody there ?
9. There ………….. no light here.
10. There ………….. complete darkness inside.
Answers
1. are
2. are
3. are
4. is
5. are
6. is
7. is
8. Is
9. is
10. is

Exercise 2
(For Practice)

Insert the correct form of present tense of the verbs given in brackets in the following sentences :
1. The new aeroplanes ………….. very fast. (fly)
2. The river ………….. beautiful in summer. (look)
3. The mangoes ………….. fresh. (look)
4. One of my friends ………….. in the same school as myself. (reads)
5. The owners of this factory ………….. very rich and ………….. in large houses. (be, live)

6. Some women ………….. travelling by car as it ………….. them sick. (dislike, make)
7. The boys ………….. to school daily. (go)
8. He ………….. to see pictures. (like)
9. I ………….. how he ………….. it. (wonder, do)
10. You ………….. what ………….. me. (know, trouble)

Multiple Choice Questions

Read the statements given below and tick the correct option : Choose the correct option :
Question 1.
(i) Bread and butter is his breakfast
(ii) Bread and butter are his breakfast
(iii) Bread and butter were his breakfast
(iv) Bread and butter am his breakfast

Question 2.
(i) He with all his friends were awarded
(ii) He with all his friends mas awarded
(iii) He with all his friends has awarded
(iv) He with all his friends had awarded

Question 3.
(i) He, and not I, have been fined
(ii) He, and not I, was been fined
(iii) He, and not I, has been fined
(iv) He, and not I, is been fined

Question 4.
(i) One of my friends live in Calcutta
(ii) One of my friends living in Calcutta
(iii) One of my friends will living in Calcutta
(iv) One of my friends lives in Calcutta

Question 5.
(i) Four kilograms of sugar are sufficient
(ii) Four kilograms of sugar were sufficient
(iii) Four kilograms of sugar am sufficient
(iv) Four kilograms of sugar is sufficient

Question 6.
(i) Either of these boys am to blame
(ii) Either of these boys is to blame
(iii) Either of these boys are to blame
(iv) Either of these boys were to blame

Question 7.
(i) Each of the boys was been given a prize
(ii) Each of the boys were given a prize
(iii) Each of the boys are given a prize
(iv) Each of the boys is/was given a prize

Question 8.
(i) The furniture in the classroom were new
(ii) The furniture in the classroom is new
(iii) The furniture in the classroom are new
(iv) The furniture in the classroom are/were new

Question 9.
(i) Mathematics are an interesting subject
(ii) Mathematics were an interesting subject
(iii) Mathematics is an interesting subject
(iv) Mathematics are/were an interesting subject

Question 10.
(i) A pair of scissors are to be brought
(ii) A pair of scissors were to be brought
(iii) A pair of scissors are/were to be brought
(iv) A pair of scissors is to be brought
Answers
1. (i)
2. (ii)
3. (iii)
4. (iv)
5. (iv)
6. (ii)
7. (iv)
8. (ii)
9. (iii)
10. (iv)

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