Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11

Extra Questions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 11 Perimeter and Area

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type

Question 1.
The side of a square is 2.5 cm. Find its perimeter and area.
Solution:
Side of the square = 2.5 cm
Perimeter = 4 × Side = 4 × 2.5 = 10 cm
Area = (side)2 = (4)2 = 16 cm2

Question 2.
If the perimeter of a square is 24 cm. Find its area.
Solution:
Perimeter of the square = 24 cm
Side of the square = 24/4 cm = 6 cm
Area of the square = (Side)2 = (6)2 cm2 = 36 cm2

Question 3.
If the length and breadth of a rectangle are 36 cm and 24 cm respectively. Find
(i) Perimeter
(ii) Area of the rectangle.
Solution:
Length = 36 cm, Breadth = 24 cm
(i) Perimeter = 2(l + b) = 2(36 + 24) = 2 × 60 = 120 cm
(ii) Area of the rectangle = l × b = 36 cm × 24 cm = 864 cm2

Question 4.
The perimeter of a rectangular field is 240 m. If its length is 90 m, find:
(i) it’s breadth
(ii) it’s area.
Solution:
(i) Perimeter of the rectangular field = 240 m
2(l + b) = 240 m
l + b = 120 m
90 m + b = 120 m
b = 120 m – 90 m = 30 m
So, the breadth = 30 m.
(ii) Area of the rectangular field = l × b = 90 m × 30 m = 2700 m2
So, the required area = 2700 m2

Question 5.
The length and breadth of a rectangular field are equal to 600 m and 400 m respectively. Find the cost of the grass to be planted in it at the rate of ₹ 2.50 per m2.
Solution:
Length = 600 m, Breadth = 400 m
Area of the field = l × b = 600 m × 400 m = 240000 m2
Cost of planting the grass = ₹ 2.50 × 240000 = ₹ 6,00,000
Hence, the required cost = ₹ 6,00,000.

Question 6.
The perimeter of a circle is 176 cm, find its radius.
Solution:
The perimeter of the circle = 176 cm

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q6

Question 7.
The radius of a circle is 3.5 cm, find its circumference and area.
Solution:
Radius = 3.5 cm
Circumference = 2πr
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q7

Question 8.
Area of a circle is 154 cm2, find its circumference.
Solution:
Area of the circle = 154 cm2
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q8

Question 9.
Find the perimeter of the figure given below.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q9
Solution:
Perimeter of the given figure = Circumference of the semicircle + diameter
= πr + 2r
22/7 × 7 + 2 × 7
= 22 + 14
= 36 cm
Hence, the required perimeter = 36 cm.

Question 10.
The length of the diagonal of a square is 50 cm, find the perimeter of the square.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q10
Solution:
Let each side of the square be x cm.
x2 + x2 = (50)2 [Using Pythagoras Theorem]
2x2 = 2500
x2 = 1250
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q10.1

x = 5 × 5 × √2 = 25√2
The side of the square = 25√2 cm
Perimeter of the square = 4 × side = 4 × 25√2 = 100√2 cm

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Short Answer Type

Question 11.
A wire of length 176 cm is first bent into a square and then into a circle. Which one will have more area?
Solution:
Length of the wire = 176 cm
Side of the square = 176 ÷ 4 cm = 44 cm
Area of the square = (Side)2 = (44)2 cm2 = 1936 cm2
Circumference of the circle = 176 cm
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q11
Since 2464 cm2 > 1936 cm2
Hence, the circle will have more area.

Question 12.
In the given figure, find the area of the shaded portion.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q12
Solution:
Area of the square = (Side)2 = 10 cm × 10 cm = 100 cm2
Area of the circle = πr2
22/7 × 3.5 × 3.5
77/2 cm2
= 38.5 cm2
Area of the shaded portion = 100 cm2 – 38.5 cm2 = 61.5 cm2

Question 13.
Find the area of the shaded portion in the figure given below.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q13
Solution:

Area of the shaded portion = 196 cm2 – 154 cm2 = 42 cm2

Question 14.
A rectangle park is 45 m long and 30 m wide. A path 2.5 m wide is constructed outside the park. Find the area of the path.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q14
Solution:
Length of the rectangular park = 45 m
Breadth of the park = 30 m
Area of the park = l × 6 = 45m × 30m = 1350 m2
Length of the park including the path = 45 m + 2 × 2.5 m = 50 m
Breadth of the park including the path = 30 m + 2 × 2.5 m = 30m + 5m = 35m
Area of the park including the path = 50 m × 35 m = 1750 m2
Area of the path = 1750 m2 – 1350 m2 = 400 m2
Hence, the required area = 400 m2.

Question 15.
In the given figure, calculate:
(а) the area of the whole figure.
(b) the total length of the boundary of the field.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q15
Solution:

Hence, the required (i) area = 4746 cm2 and (ii) length of boundary = 292 cm.

Question 16.

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Long Answer Type

Question 17.
A nursery school playground is 160 m long and 80 m wide. In it 80 m × 80 m is kept for swings and in the remaining portion, there are 1.5 m wide path parallel to its width and parallel to its remaining length as shown in Figure. The remaining area is covered by grass. Find the area covered by grass. (NCERT Exemplar)
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q17
Solution:
Area of the playground = l × b = 160 m × 80 m = 12800 m2
Area left for swings = l × b = 80m × 80m = 6400 m2
Area of the remaining portion = 12800 m2 – 6400 m2 = 6400 m2
Area of the vertical road = 80 m × 1.5 m = 120 m2
Area of the horizontal road = 80 m × 1.5 m = 120 m2
Area of the common portion = 1.5 × 1.5 = 2.25 m2
Area of the two roads = 120 m2 + 120 m2 – 2.25 m2 = (240 – 2.25) m2 = 237.75 m2
Area of the portion to be planted by grass = 6400 m2 – 237.75 m2 = 6162.25 m2
Hence, the required area = 6162.25 m2.

Question 18.
Rectangle ABCD is formed in a circle as shown in Figure. If AE = 8 cm and AD = 5 cm, find the perimeter of the rectangle. (NCERT Exemplar)
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q18
Solution:
DE (Radius) = AE + AD = 8 cm + 5 cm = 13 cm
DB = AC = 13 cm (Diagonal of a rectangle are equal)
In right ∆ADC,
AD2 + DC2 = AC2 (By Pythagoras Theorem)
⇒ (5)2 + DC2 = (13)2
⇒ 25 + DC2 = 169
⇒ DC2 = 169 – 25 = 144
⇒ DC = √144 = 12 cm
Perimeter of rectangle ABCD = 2(AD + DC)
= 2(5 cm + 12 cm)
= 2 × 17 cm
= 34 cm

Question 19.
Find the area of a parallelogram-shaped shaded region. Also, find the area of each triangle. What is the ratio of the area of shaded portion to the remaining area of the rectangle?
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q19
Solution:
Here, AB = 10 cm
AF = 4 cm
FB = 10 cm – 4 cm = 6 cm
Area of the parallelogram = Base × Height = FB × AD = 6 cm × 6 cm = 36 cm2
Hence, the required area of shaded region = 36 cm2.

Area of Rectangle ABCD = l × b = 10 cm × 6 cm = 60 cm2
Remaining area of Rectangle = 60 cm2 – 36 cm2 = 24 cm2
Required Ratio = 36 : 24 = 3 : 2

Question 20.
A rectangular piece of dimension 3 cm × 2 cm was cut from a rectangular sheet of paper of dimensions 6 cm × 5 cm. Find the ratio of the areas of the two rectangles. (NCER T Exemplar)
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q20
Solution:
Length of the rectangular piece = 6 cm
Breadth = 5 cm
Area of the sheet = l × b = 6 cm × 5 cm = 30 cm2
Area of the smaller rectangular piece = 3 cm × 2 cm = 6 cm2
Ratio of areas of two rectangles = 30 cm2 : 6 cm2 = 5 : 1

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Type

Question 21.
In the given figure, ABCD is a square of side 14 cm. Find the area of the shaded region.
(Take π = 22/7)
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q21
Solution:

Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q21.1
Area of the square PQRS = Side × Side = 7 cm × 7 cm = 49 cm2
Area of the shaded portion = 49 cm2 – 38.5 cm2 = 10.5 cm2
Hence, the required area = 10.5 cm2.

Question 22.
Find the area of the following polygon if AB = 12 cm, AC = 2.4 cm, CE = 6 cm, AD = 4.8 cm, CF = GE = 3.6 cm, DH = 2.4 cm.
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q22
Solution:
BE = AB – AE
= 12 cm – (AC + CE)
= 12 cm – (2.4 cm + 6 cm)
= 12 cm – 8.4 cm
= 3.6 cm
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q22.1
Perimeter and Area Class 7 Extra Questions Maths Chapter 11 Q22.2
Area of the polygon AFGBH = Area of ∆ACF + Area of rectangle FCEG + Area of ∆GEB + Area of ∆ABH
= 3.6 cm2 + 4.32 cm2 + 21.6 cm2 + 6.48 cm2 + 14.4 cm2
= 50.40 cm2
Hence, the required area = 50.40 cm2.

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