NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3

**NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Exercise 11.3**

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 1.

There are two cuboidal boxes as shown in the figure. Which box requires the lesser amount of material to make?

Solution:

(a) Volume of the cuboid = l × b × h = 60 × 40 × 50 = 120000 cm^{3}

(b) Volume of cube = (Side)^{3} = (50)^{3} = 50 × 50 × 50 = 125000 cm^{3}

Cuboidal box (a) requires lesser amount of material.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 2.

A suitcase with measures 80 cm × 48 cm × 24 cm is to be covered with a tarpaulin cloth. How many metres of tarpaulin of width 96 cm is required to cover 100 such suitcases?

Solution:

Measurement of the suitcase = 80 cm × 48 cm × 24 cm

l = 80 cm, b = 48 cm and h = 24 cm

Total surface area of the suitcase = 2[lb + bh + hl]

= 2 [80 × 48 + 48 × 24 + 24 × 80]

= 2 [3840 + 1152 + 1920]

= 2 × 6912

= 13824 cm^{2}

Area of tarpaulin = length × breadth = l × 96 = 96l cm^{2}

Area of tarpaulin = Area of 100 suitcase

96l = 100 × 13824

l = 100 × 144 = 14400 cm = 144 m

Hence, the required length of the cloth = 144 m.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 3.

Find the side of a cube whose surface area is 600 cm^{2}?

Solution:

Total surface area of a cube = 6l^{2}

6l^{2} = 600

l^{2} = 100

l = √100 = 10 cm

Hence, the required length of side = 10 cm.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 4.

Rukhsar painted the outside of the cabinet of measure 1 m × 2 m × 1.5 m. How much surface area did she cover if she painted all except the bottom of the cabinet?

Solution:

l = 2 m, b = 1.5 m, h = 1 m

Area of the surface to be painted = Total surface area of box – Area of base of box

= 2 [lb + bh + hl] – lb

= 2[2 × 1.5 + 1.5 × 1 + 1 × 2] – 2 × 1

= 2[3 + 1.5 + 2] – 2

= 2[6.5] – 2

= 13 – 2

= 11 m^{2}

Hence, the required area = 11 m^{2}.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 5.

Daniel is painting the walls and ceiling of a cuboidal hall with length, breadth and height of 15 m, 10 m and 7 m respectively. From each can of paint 100 m^{2} of the area is painted. How many cans of paint will she need to paint the room?

Solution:

Surface area of a cuboidal hall without bottom = Total surface area – Area of base

= 2 [lb + bh + hl] – lb

= 2 [15 × 10 + 10 × 7 + 7 × 15] – 15 × 10

= 2[150 + 70 + 105] – 150

= 2 [325] – 150

= 650 – 150

= 500 m^{2}

Area of the paint in one can = 100 m^{2}

Number of cans required = 500/100 = 5 cans.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 6.

Describe how the two figures at the right are alike and how they are different. Which box has a larger lateral surface area?

Solution:

The two figures given are cylinder and cube.

Both figures are alike in respect of their same height.

Cylinder: d = 1 cm, h = 7 cm

Cube: Length of each side a = 7 cm

Both of the figures are different in respect of their shapes.

Lateral surface of cylinder = 2πrh

Lateral surface of the cube = 4l^{2} = 4 × (7)^{2} = 4 × 49 = 196

So, cube has the larger lateral surface = 196 cm^{2}.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 7.

A closed cylindrical tank of radius 7 m and height 3 m is made from a sheet of metal. How many sheets of metal is required?

Solution:

Area of metal sheet required = Total surface area of the cylindrical tank = 2πr(h + r)

Hence, the required area of sheet = 440 m^{2}.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 8.

The lateral surface area of a hollow cylinder is 4224 cm^{2}. It is cut along its height and formed a rectangular sheet of width 33 cm. Find the perimeter of the rectangular sheet.

Solution:

Width of the rectangular sheet = Circumference of the cylinder

h = 128 cm

l = 128 cm, b = 33 cm

Perimeter of the sheet = 2(l + b) = 2(128 + 33) = 2 × 161 = 322 cm

Hence, the required perimeter = 322 cm.

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 9.

A road roller takes 750 complete revolutions to move once over to level a road. Find the area of the road if the diameter of a road roller is 84 cm and length is 1 m.

Solution:

The lateral surface area of the road roller = 2πrh

Hence, the area of road = 1980 m2

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 10.

A company packages its milk powder in a cylindrical container whose base has a diameter of 14 cm and height 20 cm. The company places a label around the surface of the container (as shown in the figure). If the label is placed 2 cm from top and bottom, what is the area of the label?

Solution:

Hence, the required area of label = 704 cm^{2}.