English Workbook Class 10 Solutions Unit 5 Relatives

English Workbook Class 10 Solutions Unit 5 Relatives

CBSE Class 10 English Workbook Solutions Unit 5 Relatives

English workbook Class 10 Solutions unit 5 covers Reduced relatives and more.

A.1.
Match the items in A with their definitions.

A B
1. A dermatologist is (a) an instrument which measures temperature.
2. A cassock is (b) a place where grains are stored.
3. A thermometer is (c) a doctor who treats skin diseases.
4. A granary is (d) a gown which is worn by a priest.
5. A widower is (e) an animal which lives both on land and in water.
6. A tragedy is (f) a disease which causes loss of memory.
7. Amnesia is (g) a play which has sad or tragic ending.
8. An amphibian is (h) an instrument for viewing minute objects.
9, A microscope is (i) a man whose wife is dead.

Answers:

  1. — (c)
  2. — (d)
  3. — (a)
  4. — (b)
  5. — (i)
  6. — (g)
  7. — (f)
  8. — (e)
  9. — (h)

Now underline the relative (called a relative pronoun) in the sentences above.
The first one has been done for you.
Answer:

  1. who
  2. which
  3. which
  4. where
  5. whose
  6. which
  7. which
  8. which
  9. for viewing is the same as which views

A.2.
Quiz
Working in pairs, make six questions like the ones given below :

  1. What is the name of the tree which ……………. ?
  2. What is the name of the island where ……………. ?
  3. What is the name of the person who ……………. ?
  4. What is the name of the play which ……………. ?
  5. What is the name of the stadium where ……………. ?
  6. What is the name of the product which ……………. ?

Now each pair will ask three of their questions to the rest of the class

Answer:
Meant for activity at class level. The questions to be formed and answered are like those given below :

Question. 1.
What is the name of the animal which is found mainly in Australia ?
Answer:
Kangaroo.

Question. 2.
What is the name of the country where Taj Mahal is situated ?
Answer:
India.

Question. 3.
What is the name of the person who tells something about present, past and future ?
Answer:
Astrologer.

Question. 4.
What is the name of the film which narrates the story of sinking ship ?
Answer:
Titanic.

Q. 5.
What is the name of the person who gathers news and covers functions or events for a newspaper or a magazine ?
Answer:
Reporter.

Q. 6.
What is the name of the product which is easily available in every country ?
Answer:
PEPSI/BATA.

A.3.
Read the following questions silently and then
(а) underline the relative ;
(b) circle the word or phrase which the relative refers to ;
(c) in pairs, discuss why you think there are commas in four of these sentences.
Answer:

English Workbook Class 10 Solutions Unit 5 Relatives 1
Sentences two, three, five and six have commas because
the words of phrases (called clauses) put in commas give extra information. If the clause is removed it will not affect the essential nature of the sentences. Such clauses are called Non-defining Clauses.

A.4.
Use who*, whose, where, or which to complete each sentence below.

  1. That well built boy ________ I met at the sports meet is a famous hockey player.
  2. Aditya, ________ mother got an award for the best teacher, is my nephew.
  3. The great Eengal tiger, ________ is found in India, is rapidly becoming a threatened species.
  4. Kailash Mansarovar, a holy place in Tibet and ________ many Indian pilgrims go in May, is very difficult to get to.
  5. Teachers ________ have taught Amav say that he is an exceptionally creative student.
  6. Interviewers tend to prefer candidates ________ have well rounded personalities.

Answers:

  1. whom
  2. whose
  3. which
  4. where
  5. who
  6. who.

In modern English (spoken as well as written), who and whom mean the same. Whom is not often used now in international English.

A.5.
Read the following sentences and punctuate them, using commas where necessary.

  1. Tushar who is my best friend is studying in Cornell University, USA.
  2. Konark where we are going for our next excursion is famous for its sun temple.
  3. Mr Misra who was in the US has started his own business in New Delhi.
  4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
  5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

Answer:

  1. Tushar, who is my best friend, is studying in Cornell University, USA.
  2. Konark, where we are going for our next excursion, is famous for its sun temple.
  3. Mr Misra, who was in the US, has started his own business in New Delhi.
  4. Yesterday I met Saina Nehwal who is a famous badminton player.
  5. Popeye likes to eat lots of spinach which contains iron.

A.6.
Fun with definitions
Working in pairs, choose three of the following words and write your own humorous and unusual definitions for them. Two examples have already been done for you.
dentist, hotel, alarm, clock, moped, mirror, classroom, astrologer, mobile phone.

  1. A mirror is a device that frightens the daylights out of most people.
  2. An alarm clock is an instrument that wakes you up early so that you can go to sleep again.

Answer:

  1. A dentist is a person who extracts your teeth and your money.
  2. A hotel is a place which gives you food and rest but takes your purse.
  3. A moped is a vehicle that rides you around free.
  4. A classroom is a place where a student tastes some punishment.
  5. An astrologer is a person who makes your past, present and future dance before you.
  6. A mobile phone is a device that makes you talk to even unwanted persons.

A.7.
Read the following sentences. There are errors in some of them. Underline the error and write the word in the space provided. Put a ✓ if there is no error.
Answers:

  1. The bus who goes to the station is a low-floor bus. – which
  2. The man which was here a little while ago is a minister. – who
  3. That’s the house where the poet was born. – ✓
  4. The bird whose lays the biggest egg is the ostrich. – which
  5. Karn, where home is in Gurgaon, is studying in Manipal. – whose

A.8.
The pen drive which I borrowed from my friend was lost

In this kind of sentence, that can replace which, especially in spoken English. ‘That’ is easier to say than ‘which’.
Rewrite the following sentences substituting that for which. Then say each one aloud to your partner.

  1. That was a very fine car which your friend bought last month, wasn’t it ?
  2. All the members of my family prefer cakes which are made without egg.
  3. The team which wins the quiz competition will be going to Ooty.
  4. Neither Govind nor I like stories which are full of violent incidents.

Answers:

  1. That was a very fine car that your friend bought last month, wasn’t it ?
  2. All the members of my family prefer cakes that are made without egg.
  3. The team that wins the quiz competition will be going to Ooty.
  4. Neither Govind nor I like stories that are full of violent incidents.

B. Reduced relatives

In many cases, relatives (including that as a substitute) can be omitted in order to economize with words. This is a matter of style. When you are reading or listening to English, notice when this happens.

B.1.
Read the following sentences aloud to your partner without the relative as shown in the example.

  1. I found the book which I wanted to read.
  2. The boy who I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
  3. This is the best movie that I’ve ever seen.
  4. The girl who is talking to Mr. Mallya is the pilot.
  5. Silk sarees which are made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

Answers:

Students to read as given below :

  1. I found the book I wanted to read.
  2. The boy I met at the hotel is a wonderful magician.
  3. This is the best movie I’ve ever seen.
  4. The girl talking to Mr Molly a is the pilot.
  5. Silk sarees made in Banaras are popular all over the world.

B.2.
The following newspaper article about Patliputra contains some errors. Correct the article (In some places relatives need to be added; in other places, reduced relatives can be used).

Patlinutra

The fourth century BC city is believed to have existed ________
between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and later the Gupta dynasties.
Magasthenes spent many years as an ambassador to ________
Patliputra wrote a book who is titled ‘Indika’. The city, ________
who was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall. ________
Ashoka, adopted Buddhism, provided ________
inns, hospitals and veterinary centres whom ________
helped the common people ________
This was which the first Buddhist monuments came to be built. ________
Answer:
The fourth century BC city / is believed to have existed – which
between 320 BC and AD 550 was ruled by the Mauryan and later the Gupta dynasties.
Magasthenes / spent many years as an ambassador to – who
Pataliputra wrote a book who titled ‘Indika’. The city, – which
who was encircled by a deep moat, had a fortified wall. – which
Ashoka, / adopted Buddhism, provided – who
inns, hospitals and veterinary centres whom – which
helped the common people
This was which the first Buddhist monuments came to be built. – how

B.3.
Salsette Island
You have been asked to write an encyclopaedia entry about Salsette Island. Study the following notes. The information is jumbled up. Put the notes in logical order and then link them together using appropriate relatives (or reduced forms), articles, verbs etc. Do not make your sentences too long.
English Workbook Class 10 Solutions Unit 5 Relatives 2
Answer:
Salsette island is a large island in Maharashtra state. It is 14th most populous island in the world which lies in India’s west coast.

There are several small islands. Thane district lies in the south part. Its north part is Mumbai city. Borivali national park in this island is the biggest city national park in the world.

There are many beaches here. The place is earthquake prone and hilly whose highest point is 450 metres.

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