English Workbook Class 10 Solutions Unit 7 Conditionals
CBSE Class 10 English Workbook Solutions Unit 7 Conditionals
Read the following sentences :
See the Workbook on Page 115
B. The Likely or Probable Conditional
Read the flowing dialogue :
See the Workbook on Pages 116-117
Follow the patterns discussed in B1 and write sentences using the ideas in the table below. You will need to match the items first.
go / walk
go / cinema
go / shopping
pass / exams
enough / money
weather / fine
get / ticket
(not) go / out
enough / work
I’ll go for a walk if the weather is fine.
- I’ll go shopping if I have enough money.
- I’ll write a letter if I do not go out.
- I’ll go to cinema if I get a ticket.
- I’ll pass exams if I do enough work.
Underline the pair of verbs in each of the Conditional sentences you have written above, and say what tense they are in.
- will go (Future Indefinite) → have (Present Indefinite)
- will write (Future Indefinite) → go (Present Indefinite)
- will go (Future Indefinite) → get (Present Indefinite)
- will pass (Future Indefinite) → do (Present Indefinite)
Complete the following conditional sentences using the clues given.
1. I’ll take you out in the evening if ______________
(let / do / work / now-persuasion)
2. If you travel without reservation, ______________
(be / ask / to get off the train-warning)
3. If you insult my brother again, ______________
(complain / to / the principal – threat)
4. If the rain continues to be heavy, ______________
(school sports day / be / cancel- possibility)
5. If he exercises regularly ______________. (lose weight -ability)
6. If your claims are in order, ______________. (get a refund -possibility)
7. If you’ve completed your project, ______________. (leave at once- permission)
8. ______________ , if you want me to give you good marks. (improve! handwriting -command)
9. If you meet my sister, ______________. ? (you / ask / her / call / me- request)
- you let m do my work now
- you’ll be asked to get off the train
- I’ll complain to the principal
- school sports day may be cancelled
- he can lose weight
- you may get a refund
- you may leave at once
- You’ll have to improve your handwriting
- will you ask her to call me
C. The ‘Unreal’ or ‘Hypothetical’ Conditional
Read the imaginary situations given below and complete the sentence that describes the situation in each case. One has been done for you as an example.
See the Workbook on Page 120
You have always wanted to be the owner of a five-star hotel. What would you do if you won a million rupees ?
|If I won a million rupees, I would build a five-star hotel.|
|1. Shikha is in her farm-house. During her morning walk one day, she narrowly escapes being bitten by a snake. What do you think would happen if she was bitten by a snake ?||If Shikha was bitten by a snake she would he rushed at once to a hospital.|
|2. I have misplaced the book Ajay gave me on my birthday. I must find it. If I lost the book, how would Ajay feel ?||Ajay would feel it very bad if I lost the book given to me by him on my birthday.|
|3. Mira might win an air-ticket to Europe. She has been dreaming of going to England. Where do you think you would go if you won an air-ticket ?||If I won an air-ticket. I would so to the U.S.A.|
|4. Hema has gained weight. The doctor has advised her to do her exercises regularly. The doctor thinks :||If she didn’t do her exercises regularly. she would gain more weight.|
|5. Delhi Textile Mill is planning to close down its factory. As a consequence, many workers would lose their jobs. The Workers’ Union wants it to stay open and says to the management:||If Delhi Textile Mill were to close down its factory. many workers would lose their jobs.|
|6. Your friend Mani parks his scooter in the lane outside : You fear that it will be stolen one day if he continues to park it there. So you ask him :||What would you do if your scooter was stolen ?|
Underline the pairs of verbs used in each of the sentences you have written above. Now state below what tenses they are in.
Complete the sentences below in the same pattern as in the example, choosing the words from the box.
If I were rich, I would fly around the world
- the Principal of my school
- the Environment Minister
- If were __________________
- If I were __________________
- If I were __________________
- If I were __________________
- If I were __________________
- the Principal of my school, I would ban homework to the students.
- God, I would banish all problems of men.
- the Environment Minister, I would ban all smoke-emitting vehicles.
- tall, I would play basketball.
- hard-working, I would top the list of successful candidates.
Basic Form of the ‘Unreal’ conditional.
- if + past tense
- would + bare infinitive
If I were on holiday, I would/ might be touring Switzerland.
See the Workbook on Page 122
D. The Impossible Conditional
Read the following sentence :
If we had played well, we would have won.
(Did they play well ? Did they win ?)
Such a conditional is used to speculate about past events. It is also used to express reproach or regret.
If you hadn’t misled me, I would have attended the interview.
- If + past perfect
- would + have + past participle
If they had brought the man to the hospital immediately after the accident, his life would have been saved.
Construct sentences in the above pattern using the clues given :
- We wasted time. We missed the train.
- He did not take the advice of his accountants. He lost a lot of money.
- There was an accident on the way. I did not reach the office in time.
- If we hadn’t wasted time, we wouldn’t have missed the train.
- If he had taken the advice of his accountants, he wouldn’t have lost a lot of money.
- If there hadn’t been an accident on the way, I would have reached the office in time.
See the Workbook on Page 124
Read the passage below, about an electric car. Then, with a partner, list its weaknesses. When you have finished, your teacher will discuss them with you and write them on the board.
Some years ago, a three-wheeled electric car was launched by Hindustan Electric Company. Although it was a revolutionary vehicle, it was a commercial disaster. The Company did very little research, but believed the product would be successful. The car did not have a very powerful engine, so it was not very fast. As a result it did not appeal to adults. However, even though it was small and slow, the car was not suitable for children either. It did not appear to be sale to use on the road because it was so small. It was also very expensive. The Company had to stop production, after losing millions of rupees.
Because so many things were wrong with the car, it was impossible for the company to sell it successfully. The company should have been more careful.
Read the clues below and say what the company should have done / should not have done in order to produce a more successful car.
1. (carry out) (proper market research) (realise) (success) If the company had carried out proper market research, it would have realised the car would not be a success.
2. (powerful) (fast) If the car engine had been __________
3. (expensive) (suitable) If __________
4. (size) (safety) If __________
2. powerful, the car might have been running very fast/the car might have run very fast.
3. the car had been less expensive, it would have become more suitable for a large number of users.
4. the car had had an appropriate size, it could have ensured greater safety.
Ashok had a terrible day yesterday. Look at the chain of events that happened to him.
Now he is lying in bed thinking of what might have happened if ……..
Use the type of sentence you used in the last exercise to write down his thoughts. Start like this:
‘If the alarm had gone off, I wouldn’t have got up late.. If I hadn’t? ______________
“If the alarm had gone off. I wouldn’t have got up late. If I hadn’t got up late, I wouldn’t have been causht in a traffic jam. If I hadn’t been causht in a traffic jam, I wouldn’t have reached office late. If I hadn’t reached office late, I wouldn’t have been scolded by my boss. If I hadn’t been scolded by my boss, I wouldn’t have shouted at my boss. If I hadn’t shouted at my boss, I wouldn’t have lost my job. If I hadn’t lost my job, I wouldn’t have been Ivins in bed thinking of what might have happened if …….”,
Underline the pairs of verbs in each of the sentences you have written above.
E. Zero Conditional Sentences to Express a General Truth
In pairs, complete the sentences below as shown in the example :
- If you do not regularly oil the moving parts of a bicycle, __________
- __________ when you leave the kettle for too long
- When the tectonic plates of the earth’s crust move, __________
- __________ if you press the FF button on a cassette player
- If a plant does not get enough sunlight, __________
- it breaks down.
- The boiled water steams off
- the earthquake comes
- It starts playing
- it withers
Underline the pair of verbs used in each of the conditional sentences you have written above, and say what tense they are in.
- oil … breaks down (Present Indefinite)
- steams off … leave (Present Indefinite)
- move … comes (Present Indefinite)
- starts … press (Present Indefinite)
- get … withers (Present Indefinite)
F. Conditionals without ‘IF’
Tick the correct option from the words in italics. Think carefully.
1. We will go to Changu Lake on Saturday ✓ provided that / unless the weather is fine.
2. Unless / As ✓ long as the shop gives a good discount we will place our order with them.
3. ✓ Unless / If we look into his complaints the situation is going to get worse.
4. Provided that / ✓ Unless you avoid the bandits, they will kill you.
5. Unless / As ✓ long as peace is what all governments want, we should all learn the art of peace-making.
Make similar sentences using the clues given below. Do not use if.
- children – receive love (develop)
- people – eat well, exercise (healthy)
- examination – on time (waste a year)
- movie – short, interesting (hit)
- journal – useful, attractive (popular)
As long as ____________________
Provided that ____________________
children receive love, they will develop satisfactorily
people eat well and do exercises, they won’t grow healthy
the examination is held on time, we won’t waste a year
the movies are interesting, they won’t be a hit
the journal is useful and attractive, it wouldn’t be popular
G. Conditionals – Summary
Match the phrases from columns A and B to form meaningful sentences. Rewrite them in the space provided below. The first one has been done for you.
|1. If I save enough money,||(a) let me know.|
|2. I will come over to your place||(b) unless I get up early tomorrow.|
|3. As long as you pay,||(c) if you had warned me about the pollution.|
|4. If you need money,||(d) I would run a charity home.|
|5. I’ll miss my flight||(e) provided I win this race.|
|6. If I were rich,||(f) provided that I have finished my homework.|
|7. I shall be selected for the Olympics||(g) if you had worked harder.|
|8. I wouldn’t have gone for a swim||(h) I may go to America this summer.|
|9. If you put salt in water,||(i) it dissolves|
|10. You would probably have passed the exam||(j) you can be a member of the club.|
- If I save enough money, I may go to America this summer.
- I will come over to your place, provided that I have finished my homework.
- As long as you pay, you can be a member of the club.
- If you need money, let me know.
- I’ll miss my flight, unless I get up early tomorrow.
- If I were rich, I would run a charity home.
- I shall be selected for the Olympics, provided I win this race.
- I wouldn’t have gone for a swim, if you had warned me about the pollution.
- If you put salt in water, it dissolves.
- You would probably have passed the exam, if you had worked harder.