# A Ottoman chieftain named Alaptagin established the Ghazni empire in 932 AD. I, whose capital was Ghazni.
# After the death of Alaptagin, Piritigin ruled in Ghazni for some time.
# Piritigin’s reign (972 – 977 AD) first invaded India.
# Punjab was ruled by the ruler of the royal dynasty at the time of the first Ottoman invasion.
# Alaptagin’s slave and son-in-law was Subuktagin.
# Subuktagin 977 AD I sat on the throne of Ghazni.
# Subuktagin was succeeded by Mahmud Ghaznavi. Born on 1 November 971 AD Happened in .
# Mahmud Ghazni was the ruler of Khorasan during the period of his father Subuktagin.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi had to fight with his brother Ismail for the throne.
# Mahmud Ghazni at the age of 27, 998 AD I sat on the throne.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi’s title was Yameen-ud-Daula and Yameen-ul-Millah.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi assumed the title of Sultan from the Khalifa Qadir of Baghdad.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi in 1001 AD From 1027 A.D. Till 17 times invaded India. Of these. The invasions have been mentioned by the scholar Henry Elliott.
# The real objective of Mahmud Ghaznavi’s Indian invasion was to loot and obtain money.
# Mahmud Ghazni’s first invasion of India by 1000 AD And he returned to his country after taking possession of some parts of Peshawar.
# 1001 AD. In the second attack Ghaznavi defeated the Hindu king Jaipal near Peshawar.
# After Jaipal Anandpal sat on the throne.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi gave Multan to 1006 AD Won in
# Mohammad Ghaznavi to Vidyadhar Chandel 1008 AD I had to make a treaty.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi on Kannauj in 1018 A.D. Dominated
# Mahmud Ghaznavi on Somnath temple in 1025 AD Invaded in
# 50,000 Hindus were killed by Mahmud Ghaznavi during the Somnath temple invasion.
# While robbing the Somnath temple, the Jats attacked and saved some property from plunder. In the loot of this temple, he got the property of about 20 lakh dinars.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi installed pieces of Somnath’s idol in the stairs of the mosque of Mecca, Medina and Ghazni.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi last invasion 1027 AD I was against Jats.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi died in 1030 AD I am done
# In the court of Mahmud Ghaznavi, there were scholars like Vaihaki, Alberuni, Firdausi and Utvi.
# Alberuni wrote ‘Kitab-ul-Hind’ or Tehkiq-e-Hind.
# Kitab – ul – Yamini was composed by Utvi.
# ‘Shahnama’ was composed by Firdausi.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi established university in Ghazni.
# Mahmud Ghaznavi had two sons (Masood and Muhammad).
# Mahmud was in the high ranks of Hindu army like Gajanvi’s army, Sanyarai and Tilak.
#Mahmud Ghaznavi introduced himself as an ‘idolater’, ie ‘fetish wrinkle’, who is making the fame of Islam.