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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book Unit 5 Travel and Tourism Chapter 3 The Emerald Islands

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book Unit 5 Travel and Tourism Chapter 3 The Emerald Islands

CBSE Class 10 English Main Course Book Unit 5 Travel and Tourism Chapter 3 The Emerald Islands

TEXTUAL EXERCISES

Question 1.
Articles are often divided into parts to help the reader. Given below are the subheadings of the eight paragraphs given in a jumbled order. Match the paragraphs with the subheadings.

  1. Southern paradise.
  2. Life of harmony.
  3. Showcasing the culture and spirit of A&N.
  4. Links with freedom struggle.
  5. Sea sports, farms and temples.
  6. Indigenous population and settlers.
  7. Flora and fauna.
  8. Get to know the Emerald Islands.

Answer:

  1. → Paragraph 6
  2. → Paragraph 4
  3. → Paragraph 8
  4. → Paragraph 2
  5. → Paragraph 5
  6. → Paragraph 3
  7. → Paragraph 7
  8. → Paragraph 1

Question 2.
When people are not very familiar with a language, they will sometimes explain words by paraphrasing them. Match the words in the box to the paraphrases below. Check in the dictionary if you are not sure.

  1. It’s a tropical tree, found near water, whose twisted roots grow partly above ground.
  2. It refers to the shape of an area of land, including its hills, valleys etc.
  3. It is an area of sea in which there are many small islands.
  4. It is a group of similar things that are close together.
  5. It is to describe the course of a river, coast line or path that turns a lot.
  6. This is to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation.
  7. They are all the animals that live wild in a particular area.
  8. It is an activity that involves swimming underwater using a breathing device.
  9. A type of prison, which is often in a place far away from other people.
  10. This is a person or living thing that has existed in a country or continent since the earliest time known to people.

Answer:

  1. → 4 mangrove
  2. → topography
  3. → archipelago
  4. → cluster
  5. → meandering
  6. → languish
  7. → fauna
  8. → snorkeling
  9. → penal
  10. → aboriginal

Question 3.
On the basis of your reading of the passage complete the “Mindmap” given below :
Answer:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book Unit 5 Travel and Tourism Chapter 3 The Emerald Islands 1
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Main Course Book Unit 5 Travel and Tourism Chapter 3 The Emerald Islands 2
Question 4.
Dr. Varun is a tourist on a visit to the awesome Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Maiguru is his tour guide. Dr. Varun wishes to know about the history and social life of the Islands and the best places to visit during his trip. Based on the “Mindmap” you have prepared, write and act out a short dialogue between them. You can choose a partner for this activity.

Answer:

Dr. Varun : Please tell me something about the history and social life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Maiguru : Andaman Islands have been a settlement of aboriginal tribes. These tribes are of Negrito origin. The tribes of Nicobar are of Mongoloid stock. Mythologically, the name Andaman comes from Hanuman. Later on there have been settlements from mainland of India. The social life is very peaceful here. People of all faith such as Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Sikhs etc, live here in complete peace and harmony. Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. Because of such a way of life, one can see a Mini-India here living in peace and communal harmony.

Dr. Varun : That’s wonderful. Now tell me something about the places I should visit.

Maiguru : Andaman and Nicobar islands are full of scenic beauty. However, I tell you about some most important places of tourist interest. First you must visit the Cellular Jail. This is the place where the freedom-fighters of India were sent to languish. Every evening, there is a Sound and Light show which brings alive the struggle of those revolutionaries. Then you must visit MGMN Park at Wandoor. This large park is made-up of open sea, creeks and 15 small and large islands. Here you have a wonderful view of marine life through glass bottom boats, Scuba diving and snorkeling. The park offers amusement rides, safe water sports, nature trails and historic ruins of a Japanese Temple.

Other places, almost equally interesting are Chidiya Tapu, Collinpur, Madhuban and Mt. Harriet.

Question 5.
Overawed by the beauty of the Islands, Dr. Varun writes an e-mail to his sister Ishita who promptly responds. Draft this exchange of e-mails between them.
Answer:

Dear Ishita

In this e-mail I am describing about the great and unique Andaman Islands. These islands are rightly called Emerald Islands. They are full of flowers and birds unknown in the mainland. The coastline is made of coconut trees. Underwater marine life and corals are the rare gifts of these islands.

Moreover, the Andamans have a historical link too. The British made a special jail here known as Cellular Jail for those who fought for the freedom of the country. Prisoners were sent here to languish in it. Chidiya Tapu, Collinpur, Madhuban and Mount Harriet are Southern Paradise. Collinpur has a beautiful sandy beach. Madhuban is a superb trekking area. If one is interested in seeing the marine life one can snorkel, ride in glass bottom boats and do Scuba diving. Mount Harriet is an ideal place for a bird’s eye-view of the outer islands and the sea.

I am eagerly awaiting your reply. I am confident that you will visit this beautiful place soon.

Varun

Question 6.
Imagine that Class X of your school is planning a trip to Andaman and Nicobar Islands from 25th Dec to 01st Jan. Based on your reading of the text and your imagination complete the following itinerary :

25th Dec : fly from the nearest airport. to Port Blair

2th Dec : (morning) : ………………
(afternoon) : ………………
(evening) : Sound and Light Show at Cellular Jail

27th Dec : (morning) : take bus to National Park at Wandoor
(afternoon) : ………………
(evening) : enjoy local cuisine at hotel

28th Dec : (morning) : visit the Chidiya Tapu to observe the magnificent birds
(afternoon) : ………………
(evening)

29th Dec : (morning) ………………
(afternoon) : free to explore local market
(evening) : ………………

30th Dec : (morning) ………………
(afternoon): Island Tourism Festival
(evening) : ………………

31st Dec : (morning) : relaxed Breakfast at hotel
(afternoon) : ………………
(evening) : cultural evening at hotel to celebrate New Year Eve

1st Jan : (morning) : by bus to Katchal for
(afternoon) : transfer to Airport to reach home destination

Answer:
25th Dec : fly from the nearest airport to Port Blair

26th Dcc : (morning) : Check in Hotel
(afternoon): Visit Sippighat Farm
(evening:) : Sound and Light Show at Cellular Jail

27th Dec : (morning) : take bus to National Park at Wandoor
(afternoon) : Science Centre
(evening): enjoy local cuisine at hotel

28th Dec : (morning) : visit the Chidiya Tapu to observe the magnificent birds
(afternoon): Gandhi Park at Port Blair
(evening): Visit Science Centre

29th Dec : (morning): Visit to Mad huban by ferry and you can do trekking
(afternoon) : free to explore local market
(evening): Visit to Baratang

30th Dec : (morning): Visit to Mt Harriet
(afternoon): Island Tourism Festival
(evening): Free Explore Town

31st Dec : (morning) : relaxed Breakfast at hotel
(afternoon): Visit Collinpur, watch sunset
(evening): cultural evening at hotel to celebrate New Year Eve

1 st Jan : (morning) : by bus to Katchal for forest drive
(afternoon) : transfer to Airport to reach home destination

Question 7.
Read the tourist brochure brought out by the Rajasthan Travels Guide, describing Jaipur and the surrounding area.
Answer:
no questions asked

Question 8.
Prepare a similar brochure for the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Besides using the information from the passage given in this section (C. 1), you will have to gather more information about the history, mode of travel, accommodation etc. Work ingroups of 4-5 to prepare the brochure. Please keep in mind the following attributes of a brochure :

  • Introduction
  • Local Attractions
  • General Information
  • Sightseeing
  • How to Reach
  • Cuisine
  • Accommodation
  • Shopping
  • Intercity Travel
  • Appropriate closing sentence

Answer:

Introduction

Andaman and Nicobar Islands are an archipelago of 572 emerald islands, islets and rocks. It is stretched over an area of 700 kms from north to south. It has 36 inhabited islands. These islands are covered with dense forests. There is also an endless variety of flowers and birds. The topography is hilly. The beaches are fringed with beautiful coconut palms. The sea around is suitable for water sports. Nature lovers come here searching absolute peace in the lap of nature.

General Information

Andamans and Nicobars are very much isolated from the mainland India. Hence they have retained much of their pristine beauty. They have still not been much polluted by the tourists and other things. Here you find Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Sikhs living in complete peace and harmony.

How to Reach

The best way to reach these islands is to take a flight to Port Blair.
Port Blair can be reached from Kolkata. Delhi and Chennai by air.

By Boat
One can travel over sea to Port Blair from Kolkata. Chennai and Vishakhapatnam. In total, there are usually 4 to 6 sailings a month between Port Blair and the Indian mainland—once every two weeks to/from Kolkata (56 hours) and weekly (in high season) to/from Chennai (60 hours) on four vessels. These are operated by SCI. The service from Chennai goes via Cape Nicobar once a month, taking an extra two days. But only residents may disembark on it. There is usually a service once a month from Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.

Accommodation

Accommodation is no problem at these islands. There is a 5-star hotel with 45 rooms accommodating 90 beds at Marine hill, Port Blair. There are two 3-star and one 1-star hotel also. There are many other premium hotels which are not starred.

Apart from these luxury hotels, there are budget hotels, lodges, resorts besides Government and Municipal Council accommodation. Every tourist can choose according to his own choice. Just to have an idea, the accommodation is available from Rs. 15/- for a double bedroom (Municipal Dharamshala, Aberdeen bazar to Rs. 3299/- in the 5-star hotel at Marine hill, Port Blair.

Intercity Travels

Inter island boat services : Directorate of Shipping Services operates inter island passenger-cum-cargo for ferries from Phoenix Bay Jetty/Chatham Jetty, Port Blair to :

  1. Bamboo Flat (for Mount Harriet), Havelock Island, Neil Island, Rangat, Mayabunder and
  2. Diglipur
  3. Little Andaman, Car Nicobar, Chowra, Nancowry, Katchal and Campbell Bay (Great Nicobar).

Information on shipping schedule and tariff can be obtained from : the Direct Services, Port Blair Tel: 32528/34299/31794.

For the latest on the sailing programmes of ferry vessels, read Daily Teleg Herald news papers or tune into the local news bulletin of All India Radio, AM and 7.10 PM.

Buses : State Transport Service and private operators run regular city and suburban bus service from Central Bus Stand, Near Aberdeen Bazar, Port Blair.

Local Attractions

Cellular Jail : It has its connection from the First War of Indian Independence in 1857. Many of the defeated heroes were lodged in the jail. There is a Light and Show every evening which brings alive the memory of those days when prisoners were into it. Other tourist places are:

  • Baratang
  • Barren Island
  • Havelock Island.

Sightseeing : There is much fauna and flora and other scenic beauty on these islands. The beaches and the sea around are of great attraction because of their natural beauty.

Barren Island : There are some islands which are not permanently habitated. Besides, there is a barren island where nothing grows. This is a great attraction for the tourists.

Havelock Island : This is of great tourist interest.

CUISINE
Sea food is the speciality of these islands. The unpolluted water of Andaman Sea abounds with varieties of fish, crabs, lobsters, prawns etc. Seafood is easily available and deliciously cooked. North Indian, South Indian, vegetarian, continental, Chinese dishes are also available.

Shopping : Most of the shopping is done in Aberdeen Bazar, Port Blair. For every tourist, a visit to these islands will be highly refreshing.

Question 9.
Listen carefully to Harsh Misra’s vacation plans and fill in the blanks with exact information :
Answer:

HARSHI MISRA’S VACATION PLAN

  • Travel from …………………… Allahabad …………………… To …………………… Shimla ……………………
  • Stopover at …………………… Delhi ……………………
  • Visit during …………………… Spring …………………… season.
  • Will visit …………………… Jakhu Hill ……………………
  • It is located …………………… 2 km …………………… away from the town.
  • Being the …………………… highest …………………… peak, it offers …………………… panoramic …………………… view of the town.
  • Coffee House serves the original flavours of the coffee picked from the plantations.
  • Next halt …………………… at state Museum ……………………
  • Temple trail would include visits to the …………………… Kamna Devi Temple, Tara Devi Temple, Kali Bari Temple …………………… and …………………… Christ Church ……………………

Question 10.
Punctuate the passage given below using capital letters wherever necessary. on a spring evening some years ago while living in mumbai i decided to take in a musical where i heard lakshya kumar sing for the first time i was enthralled i believed i had discovered the next kishore kumar yet disappointed by the sparse audience i decided to write an article to help promote him struggling to contain my excitement the next day i phoned the theatre where he was performing and unabashedly acted like a professional writer may I speak with lakshya kumar please just one moment replied the person at the other end hello this is lakshya kumar answered a deep voice at the other end who is speaking my trembling hands dropped the receiver and I seemed to have lost my voice I heard the phone being disconnected at the other end what an end to my grand plans.

Answer:

On a spring evening, some years ago, while living in Mumbai, I decided to take in a musical where I heard Lakshya Kumar sing for the first time. I was enthralled. I believed I had discovered the next Kishore Kumar. Yet, disappointed by the sparse audience, I decided to write an article to help promote him. Struggling to contain my excitement, the next day, I phoned the theatre where he was performing and unabashedly acted like a professional writer. “May I speak with Lakshya Kumar, please !” “Just one moment”, replied the person at the other end. “Hello, this is Lakshya Kumar”, answered a deep voice at the other end. “Who is speaking ?” My trembling hands dropped the receiver and I seemed to have lost my voice. I heard the phone being disconnected at the other end. What an end to my grand plans !

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