NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 1 People Chapter 1 An Exemplary Leader
A. An Exemplary Leader
Read the following conversation between two friends.
(See Main Course Book, Page 5)
In pairs, discuss the problem Ravi is facing. Do you think Ravi’s boss is right? Give reasons for your answer. Tick mark the qualities that you feel desirable in a boss.
It is difficult to tell if Ravi’s boss is right or not as there is no information on how Ravi’s boss is feeling. From Ravi’s perspective it seems that his boss is wrong in not giving him leave. His boss may allow him half a day’s leave so that he can take his daughter to a doctor.
Desirable Qualities in a boss: Trustworthy, problem-solving, ability to take a decision, oratroy skills, meticulous, willing to take a risk.
An e-mail, short for electronic mail is a store and forward method of composing, sending, storing, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. It is the quickest way to communicate in writing.
(See Main Course Book, Page 7)
Think of an occasion when you led a team for a competition. Were you successful? Did you exhibit any of the qualities given in A.2.? If so, to what extent were these qualities exhibited and how did it lead to your success? Through an e-mail, share your experience with a friend.
Subject: Role Play Competition
There is no mail from you for a long time. Hope you are fine and in the pink of your health. Recently I, along with some of my classmates, participated in a role play contest.
We were given the roles of a council of ministers. I was made the Prime Minister and other students were given the roles of different ministers. We had to find a solution of growing criminal activities in one of the metro cities of India.
First of all, I collected all relevant information from the internet and shared it with my colleagues. We divided various responsibilities among ourselves. After coming to a consensual solution to the problem, we discussed about the presentation which we had to give in front of the judges.
I had to give introductory speech and concluding remarks. Rahul, being the home minister, had to discuss about coordination with security agencies. Other students were heading various wings of paramilitary forces and had to give presentations accordingly.
On the D-day, we displayed a perfect team spirit and won accolades from the audience. It was a sight to watch when we lifted the winner’s trophy.
I can hardly wait for your comments on my achievement.
An Exemplary Leader
Read a short story about an exemplary boss.
(See Main Course Book, Pages 7-8)
This is a story about an exemplary leader. The leader in the story is not only a workaholic but also a man of golden heart. When one of his colleagues asks for leave, he happily grants it. But finding his colleague too engrossed in work to enjoy leave, the boss goes on to take the colleague’s children to the exhibition. This small gesture is enough to win the heart of the colleague.
Following are eight incidents from the story but their order is mixed up. Put them in the right sequence.
(a) The scientist rushed home anticipating the disappointment of his children.
(b) Scientists were working for 12-18 hours at Thumba.
(c) The boss consented.
(d) Scientists had heavy work pressure but they were loyal.
(e) A scientist approached the boss for permission to leave at 5.30 pm to take his children to the exhibition.
(f) To his surprise, he learnt that his boss had kept his appointment for him.
(g) Suddenly, he remembered his promise to his children.
(h) The scientist became so engrossed in his work that he continued working till 8.15 pm.
- Scientists were working for 12-18 hours at Thumba.
- Scientists had heavy work pressure but they were loyal.
- A scientist approached the boss for permission to leave at 5.30 pm to take his children to the exhibition.
- The boss consented.
- The scientist became so engrossed in his work that he continued working till 8.15 pm.
- Suddenly, he remembered his promise to his children.
- The scientist rushed home anticipating the disappointment of his children.
- To his surprise, he learnt that his boss had kept his appointment for him.
When we talk about people, we discuss their qualities. The box below contains some words which best describe people.
Work in pairs and select the appropriate words for the following characters.
The Scientist: The Boss Ans. The Scientist: tireless, laborious, diligent, workaholic
The Boss: unassuming, sympathetic, kind- hearted, thoughtful, sagacious
A story can have more than one ending. Rewrite the end of the story you have just read. You can begin like this…….. “As he drove home, he felt guilty for having let his children down. He reached home, entered the house and saw his wife and children watching the television…”
As he drove home, he felt guilty for having let his children down. After parking his car, he walked towards his drawing room with heavy steps. He was expecting a strong reaction from his wife and children. But to his utter surprise he saw them engrossed in their favourite programme. Finally, he got some courage to say sorry for being late. Once his wife narrated the whole story of how the boss came and took them to exhibition. It was even more surprising for him. Deep in his heart he developed more respect for his boss.
Empathy of a leader is one of the important characteristics in his character.
Listen to a speech by the honourable former President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, on his ‘Vision for India’. While listening, fill up the following details.
(a) The following countries captured our lands and conquered our minds _________________________
(b) His first vision is that of ___________________
(c) His second vision is ________________
(d) The three scientists who worked with him at ISRO are ____________________
(e) India leads in_______ and is the second largest producer of_________ .
(a) The Greeks, the Turks, the Mughals, the British, the Portuguese, the French, the Dutch
- Vikram Sarabhai,
- Professor Satish Dhawan,
- Dr. Brahm Prakash
(e) Remote Sensing Satellites and milk Production and rice.
The Process of Writing: CODER
In your written work, it is advisable to follow the process outlined below. (We call it ‘CODER’ – Collect your ideas; Organise your ideas; make your first Draft; Edit your work; Revise your work.)
(See Main Course Book, Pages 10-11)
Now, using the ideas given below, write a speech on ‘The Role of Youth in Realising the Dreams of Dr. Kalam. (Refer to CODER)
(a) fighting for equal rights
(b) fighting corruption
(c) empowering the masses
(d) looking for jobs within the country
(e) active involvement in social issues
(f) promoting national integration
(g) equal participation of women in all fields
India is a nation of youth with more than 50% population comprising of youth. Dr. Kalam, the great scientist and visionary, has dreamt of a strong India and a resilient India. Now, the question comes how the throbbing young population of our country can contribute towards realizing Dr. Kalam’s vision.
As per Dr. Kalam, the Indian economy is growing at a fast pace but what we lack is self-confidence. The youth of today can gain self-confidence by fighting for equal rights. Most of the government machinery is ridden with corruption. The young population can bring about a revolution by increasing awareness among masses. Once the whole nation is awakened about ill effects of corruption then it can be surely rooted out. India is growing exponentially. The fruit of growth has failed to reach the masses. This is because of a lesser degree of empowerment of masses. By voluntary participation in mass awareness through programmes like Shiksha Mitra youth can help educate the masses of India.
Brain drain has been a big problem. The way Indian economy is growing in there is no dearth of opportunities in India. Young people should avoid looking for greener pastures abroad. If all of us will work collectively then India will be the best country to work in and to live in.
Society is an integral part of our life. We should also give back whatever we can to our society. Even small gesture is sufficient. We can organize free classes for slum children in our neighbourhood or we can organize a blood donation camp for the needy. Because of a handful of fanatics, India’s national integration is in danger. By channelizing our energies in proper direction we can reduce and ultimately eliminate this sense of suspicion and hatred for each other. This will go a long way in ensuring national integration.
Although India has come a long way since independence yet we see MPs squabbling over women’s reservation in the Parliament. In certain other fields also there is lesser representation of women. With proper education facilities and proper awareness women can be helped to make their mark in each and every field.
To recapitulate let us remember that youth are the torch bearers of tomorrow. If we lay a strong foundation today we can build a strong future. This will help us become a stronger, self confident and a great country where everyone will respect others’ freedom.